Selected Publications (60+ total publications, 8500+ total citations, H-index 39. Latest list is available on Google Scholar)

At Georgia Institute of Technology (* corresponding author)

63. Jin, Y.; Zhu, B.; Lu, Z.; Liu, N.*; Zhu, J.* Challenges and recent progress in the development of Si anodes for lithium-ion battery. Advanced Energy Materials, accepted.

At Stanford University

62. Chu, S.; Cui, Y.; Liu, N. The Path towards Sustainable Energy. Nat. Mater. 2017, 16 (1), 16–22.


61. Liu, K.; Pei, A.; Lee, H. R.; Kong, B.; Liu, N.; Lin, D.; Liu, Y.; Liu, C.; Hsu, P. chun; Bao, Z.; Cui, Y. Lithium Metal Anodes with an Adaptive “Solid-Liquid” Interfacial Protective Layer. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139 (13), 4815–4820.

60. Li, Y.; Yan, K.; Lee, H.-W.; Lu, Z.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. Growth of Conformal Graphene Cages on Micrometre-Sized Silicon Particles as Stable Battery Anodes. Nat. Energy 2016, 1, 15029.

59. Sun, J.; Lee, H.-W.; Pasta, M.; Sun, Y.; Liu, W.; Li, Y.; Lee, H. R.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. Carbothermic Reduction Synthesis of Red Phosphorus-Filled 3D Carbon Material as a High-Capacity Anode for Sodium Ion Batteries. Energy Storage Mater. 2016, 4, 130–136.

58. Sun, Y.; Lee, H.-W.; Seh, Z. W.; Liu, N.; Sun, J.; Li, Y.; Cui, Y. High-Capacity Battery Cathode Prelithiation to Offset Initial Lithium Loss. Nat. Energy 2016, 1, 15008.

57. Sun, Y.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. Promises and Challenges of Nanomaterials for Lithium-Based Rechargeable Batteries. Nat. Energy 2016, 1, 16071.

56. Sun, Y.; Lopez, J.; Lee, H.; Liu, N.; Zheng, G.; Wu, C.; Sun, J.; Liu, W.; Chung, J. W.; Bao, Z. A Stretchable Graphitic Carbon/Si Anode Enabled by Conformal Coating of a Self‐Healing Elastic Polymer. Adv. Mater. 2016.

55. Sun, Y.; Zheng, G.; Seh, Z. W.; Liu, N.; Wang, S.; Sun, J.; Lee, H. R.; Cui, Y. Graphite-Encapsulated Li-Metal Hybrid Anodes for High-Capacity Li Batteries. Chem 2016, 1 (2), 287–297.

54. Zeng, Z.; Liu, N.; Zeng, Q.; Lee, S. W.; Mao, W. L.; Cui, Y. In Situ Measurement of Lithiation-Induced Stress in Silicon Nanoparticles Using Micro-Raman Spectroscopy. Nano Energy 2016, 22, 105–110.

53. Zhang, R.; Liu, C.; Hsu, P.-C.; Zhang, C.; Liu, N.; Zhang, J.; Lee, H. R.; Lu, Y.; Qiu, Y.; Chu, S. Nanofiber Air Filters with High-Temperature Stability for Efficient PM2. 5 Removal from the Pollution Sources. Nano Lett. 2016, 16 (6), 3642–3649.

52. Liang, Z.; Zheng, G.; Liu, C.; Liu, N.; Li, W.; Yan, K.; Yao, H.; Hsu, P.-C.; Chu, S.; Cui, Y. Polymer Nanofiber-Guided Uniform Lithium Deposition for Battery Electrodes. Nano Lett. 2015, 15 (5), 2910–2916.

51. Lin, D.; Lu, Z.; Hsu, P.-C.; Lee, H. R.; Liu, N.; Zhao, J.; Wang, H.; Liu, C.; Cui, Y. A High Tap Density Secondary Silicon Particle Anode Fabricated by Scalable Mechanical Pressing for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Energy Environ. Sci. 2015, 8 (8), 2371–2376.

50. Liu, C.; Hsu, P.-C.; Lee, H.-W.; Ye, M.; Zheng, G.; Liu, N.; Li, W.; Cui, Y. Transparent Air Filter for High-Efficiency PM2. 5 Capture. Nat. Commun. 2015, 6.

49. Liu, W.; Liu, N.; Sun, J.; Hsu, P.-C.; Li, Y.; Lee, H.-W.; Cui, Y. Ionic Conductivity Enhancement of Polymer Electrolytes with Ceramic Nanowire Fillers. Nano Lett. 2015, 15 (4), 2740–2745.

48. Lu, Z.; Liu, N.; Lee, H.-W.; Zhao, J.; Li, W.; Li, Y.; Cui, Y. Nonfilling Carbon Coating of Porous Silicon Micrometer-Sized Particles for High-Performance Lithium Battery Anodes. ACS Nano 2015, 9 (3), 2540–2547.

47. Luo, L.; Yang, H.; Yan, P.; Travis, J. J.; Lee, Y.; Liu, N.; Molina Piper, D.; Lee, S.-H.; Zhao, P.; George, S. M. Surface-Coating Regulated Lithiation Kinetics and Degradation in Silicon Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery. ACS Nano 2015.

46. Qiu, Y.; Rong, G.; Yang, J.; Li, G.; Ma, S.; Wang, X.; Pan, Z.; Hou, Y.; Liu, M.; Ye, F. Highly Nitridated graphene–Li2S Cathodes with Stable Modulated Cycles. Adv. Energy Mater. 2015, 5 (23).

45. Zeng, Z.; Zeng, Q.; Liu, N.; Oganov, A. R.; Zeng, Q.; Cui, Y.; Mao, W. L. A Novel Phase of Li15Si4 Synthesized under Pressure. Adv. Energy Mater. 2015.

44. Zhao, J.; Lu, Z.; Wang, H.; Liu, W.; Lee, H.-W.; Yan, K.; Zhuo, D.; Lin, D.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. Artificial Solid Electrolyte Interphase-Protected Li X Si Nanoparticles: An Efficient and Stable Prelithiation Reagent for Lithium-Ion Batteries. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137 (26), 8372–8375.

43. Zhu, B.; Liu, N.; McDowell, M.; Jin, Y.; Cui, Y.; Zhu, J. Interfacial Stabilizing Effect of ZnO on Si Anodes for Lithium Ion Battery. Nano Energy 2015, 13, 620–625.

42. Zong, L.; Zhu, B.; Lu, Z.; Tan, Y.; Jin, Y.; Liu, N.; Hu, Y.; Gu, S.; Zhu, J.; Cui, Y. Nanopurification of Silicon from 84% to 99.999% Purity with a Simple and Scalable Process. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2015, 112 (44), 13473–13477.

41. Lee, H.-W.; Wang, R. Y.; Pasta, M.; Woo Lee, S.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. Manganese Hexacyanomanganate Open Framework as a High-Capacity Positive Electrode Material for Sodium-Ion Batteries. Nat. Commun. 2014, 5, 5280.

40. Lim, L. Y.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y.; Toney, M. F. Understanding Phase Transformation in Crystalline Ge Anodes for Li-Ion Batteries. Chem. Mater. 2014, 26 (12), 3739–3746.

39. Liu, N.; Li, W.; Pasta, M.; Cui, Y. Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Storage. Front. Phys. 2014, 9 (3), 323–350.

38. Liu, N.; Lu, Z.; Zhao, J.; McDowell, M. T.; Lee, H.-W.; Zhao, W.; Cui, Y. A Pomegranate-Inspired Nanoscale Design for Large-Volume-Change Lithium Battery Anodes. Nat. Nanotechnol. 2014, 9 (3), 187–192.


37. Pasta, M.; Wessells, C. D.; Liu, N.; Nelson, J.; McDowell, M. T.; Huggins, R. A.; Toney, M. F.; Cui, Y. Full Open-Framework Batteries for Stationary Energy Storage. Nat. Commun. 2014, 5, 3007.

36. Seh, Z. W.; Wang, H.; Liu, N.; Zheng, G.; Li, W.; Yao, H.; Cui, Y. High-Capacity Li2S-Graphene Oxide Composite Cathodes with Stable Cycling Performance. Chem. Sci. 2014, 5 (4), 1396–1400.

35. Sun, J.; Zheng, G.; Lee, H.-W.; Liu, N.; Wang, H.; Yao, H.; Yang, W.; Cui, Y. Formation of Stable Phosphorus–Carbon Bond for Enhanced Performance in Black Phosphorus Nanoparticle–Graphite Composite Battery Anodes. Nano Lett. 2014, 14 (8), 4573–4580.

34. Weker, J. N.; Liu, N.; Misra, S.; Andrews, J. C.; Cui, Y.; Toney, M. F. In Situ Nanotomography and Operando Transmission X-Ray Microscopy of Micron-Sized Ge Particles. Energy Environ. Sci. 2014, 7 (8), 2771–2777.

33. Zhao, J.; Lu, Z.; Liu, N.; Lee, H.-W.; McDowell, M. T.; Cui, Y. Dry-Air-Stable Lithium Silicide–lithium Oxide Core–shell Nanoparticles as High-Capacity Prelithiation Reagents. Nat. Commun. 2014, 5, 5088.

32. Hu, L.; Liu, N.; Eskilsson, M.; Zheng, G.; McDonough, J.; Wågberg, L.; Cui, Y. Silicon-Conductive Nanopaper for Li-Ion Batteries. Nano Energy 2013, 2 (1), 138–145.

31. Hu, L.; Zheng, G.; Yao, J.; Liu, N.; Weil, B.; Eskilsson, M.; Karabulut, E.; Ruan, Z.; Fan, S.; Bloking, J. T.; McGehee, M. D.; Wagberg, L.; Cui, Y. Transparent and Conductive Paper from Nanocellulose Fibers. Energy Environ. Sci. 2013, 6 (2), 513–518.

30. Li, W.; Zheng, G.; Yang, Y.; Seh, Z. W.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. High-Performance Hollow Sulfur Nanostructured Battery Cathode through a Scalable, Room Temperature, One-Step, Bottom-up Approach. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2013, 110 (18), 7148–7153.

29. Liu, C.; Xie, X.; Zhao, W.; Liu, N.; Maraccini, P. A.; Sassoubre, L. M.; Boehm, A. B.; Cui, Y. Conducting Nanosponge Electroporation for Affordable and High-Efficiency Disinfection of Bacteria and Viruses in Water. Nano Lett. 2013, 13 (9), 4288–4293.

28. Liu, N.; Huo, K.; McDowell, M. T.; Zhao, J.; Cui, Y. Rice Husks as a Sustainable Source of Nanostructured Silicon for High Performance Li-Ion Battery Anodes. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1919.

27. Wang, H.; Kong, D.; Johanes, P.; Cha, J. J.; Zheng, G.; Yan, K.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y. MoSe2 and WSe2 Nanofilms with Vertically Aligned Molecular Layers on Curved and Rough Surfaces. Nano Lett. 2013, 13 (7), 3426–3433.

26. Wu, H.; Yu, G.; Pan, L.; Liu, N.; McDowell, M. T.; Bao, Z.; Cui, Y. Stable Li-Ion Battery Anodes by in-Situ Polymerization of Conducting Hydrogel to Conformally Coat Silicon Nanoparticles. Nat. Commun. 2013, 4, 1943.

25. Xie, X.; Ye, M.; Hsu, P.-C.; Liu, N.; Criddle, C. S.; Cui, Y. Microbial Battery for Efficient Energy Recovery. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2013, 110 (40), 15925–15930.

24. Yao, H.; Zheng, G.; Li, W.; McDowell, M. T.; Seh, Z.; Liu, N.; Lu, Z.; Cui, Y. Crab Shells as Sustainable Templates from Nature for Nanostructured Battery Electrodes. Nano Lett. 2013, 13 (7), 3385–3390.

23. Zeng, Z.; Liu, N.; Zeng, Q.; Ding, Y.; Qu, S.; Cui, Y.; Mao, W. L. Elastic Moduli of Polycrystalline Li15Si4 Produced in Lithium Ion Batteries. J. Power Sources 2013, 242 (0), 732–735.

22. Zhu, J.; Gladden, C.; Liu, N.; Cui, Y.; Zhang, X. Nanoporous Silicon Networks as Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15 (2), 440–443.

21. Liu, N.; Wu, H.; McDowell, M. T.; Yao, Y.; Wang, C.; Cui, Y. A Yolk-Shell Design for Stabilized and Scalable Li-Ion Battery Alloy Anodes. Nano Lett. 2012, 12, 3315–3321.

20. Liu, N.; Yao, Y.; Cha, J.; McDowell, M.; Han, Y.; Cui, Y. Functionalization of Silicon Nanowire Surfaces with Metal-Organic Frameworks. Nano Res. 2012, 5 (2), 109–116.

19. Misra, S.; Liu, N.; Nelson, J.; Hong, S. S.; Cui, Y.; Toney, M. F. In Situ X-Ray Diffraction Studies of (De)lithiation Mechanism in Silicon Nanowire Anodes. ACS Nano 2012, 6, 5465–5473.

18. Pan, L.; Yu, G.; Zhai, D.; Lee, H. R.; Zhao, W.; Liu, N.; Wang, H.; Tee, B. C.-K.; Shi, Y.; Cui, Y.; Bao, Z. Hierarchical Nanostructured Conducting Polymer Hydrogel with High Electrochemical Activity. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. 2012, 109 (24), 9287–9292.

17. Wu, H.; Zheng, G.; Liu, N.; Carney, T.; Yang, Y. Engineering Empty Space between Si Nanoparticles for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes. Nano Lett. 2012.

16. Xie, X.; Ye, M.; Hu, L.; Liu, N.; McDonough, J. R.; Chen, W.; Alshareef, H. N.; Criddle, C. S.; Cui, Y. Carbon Nanotube-Coated Macroporous Sponge for Microbial Fuel Cell Electrodes. Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 5265–5270.

15. Xie, X.; Yu, G.; Liu, N.; Bao, Z.; Criddle, C. S.; Cui, Y. Graphene-Sponges as High-Performance Low-Cost Anodes for Microbial Fuel Cells. Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 6862–6866.

14. Yao, Y.; Liu, N.; McDowell, M. T.; Pasta, M.; Cui, Y. Improving the Cycling Stability of Silicon Nanowire Anodes with Conducting Polymer Coatings. Energy Environ. Sci. 2012, 5, 7927–7930.

13. Hu, L.; Chen, W.; Xie, X.; Liu, N.; Yang, Y.; Wu, H.; Yao, Y.; Pasta, M.; Alshareef, H. N.; Cui, Y. Symmetrical MnO2-Carbon Nanotube-Textile Nanostructures for Wearable Pseudocapacitors with High Mass Loading. ACS Nano 2011, 5 (11), 8904–8913.

12. Liu, N.; Hu, L.; McDowell, M. T.; Jackson, A.; Cui, Y. Prelithiated Silicon Nanowires as an Anode for Lithium Ion Batteries. ACS Nano 2011, 5 (8), 6487–6493.

11. Yao, Y.; Huo, K.; Hu, L.; Liu, N.; Cha, J. J.; McDowell, M. T.; Chu, P. K.; Cui, Y. Highly Conductive, Mechanically Robust, and Electrochemically Inactive TiC/C Nanofiber Scaffold for High-Performance Silicon Anode Batteries. ACS Nano 2011, 5 (10), 8346–8351.

10. Yao, Y.; McDowell, M. T.; Ryu, I.; Wu, H.; Liu, N.; Hu, L.; Nix, W. D.; Cui, Y. Interconnected Silicon Hollow Nanospheres for Lithium-Ion Battery Anodes with Long Cycle Life. Nano Lett. 2011, 11 (7), 2949–2954.

9. Yu, G.; Hu, L.; Liu, N.; Wang, H.; Vosgueritchian, M.; Yang, Y.; Cui, Y.; Bao, Z. Enhancing the Supercapacitor Performance of Graphene/MnO(2) Nanostructured Electrodes by Conductive Wrapping. Nano Lett. 2011, 11 (10), 4438–4442.

8. Yuan, P.; Zhao, L.; Liu, N.; Wei, G.; Wang, Y.; Auchterlonie, G. J.; Drennan, J.; Lu, G. Q.; Zou, J.; Yu, C. Solving Hierarchical Helical Mesostructures by Electron Tomography. Chem. Commun. 2010, 46 (10), 1688–1690.

7. Yuan, P.; Zhao, L.; Liu, N.; Wei, G.; Wang, Y.; Auchterlonie, G. J.; Drennan, J.; Lu, G. Q.; Zou, J.; Yu, C. Evolution of Helical Mesostructures. Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16 (5), 1629–1637.

6. Pan, D.; Yuan, P.; Zhao, L.; Liu, N.; Zhou, L.; Wei, G.; Zhang, J.; Ling, Y.; Fan, Y.; Wei, B.; Liu, H.; Yu, C.; Bao, X. New Understanding and Simple Approach to Synthesize Highly Hydrothermally Stable and Ordered Mesoporous Materials. Chem. Mater. 2009, 21 (22), 5413–5425.

5. Yu, M.; Zhang, J.; Yuan, P.; Wang, H.; Liu, N.; Wang, Y.; Yu, C. Preparation of Siliceous Vesicles with Adjustable Sizes, Wall Thickness, and Shapes. Chem. Lett. 2009, 38 (5), 442–443.

4. Yuan, P.; Zhao, L.; Liu, N.; Wei, G.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, Y.; Yu, C. Periodic Mesoporous Organosilicas with Helical and Concentric Circular Pore Architectures. Chem. Eur. J. 2009, 15 (42), 11319–11325.

3. Yuan, P.; Zhou, X.; Wang, H.; Liu, N.; Hu, Y.; Auchterlonie, G. J.; Drennan, J.; Yao, X.; Lu, G. Q. M.; Zou, J.; Yu, C. Electron-Tomography Determination of the Packing Structure of Macroporous Ordered Siliceous Foams Assembled from Vesicles. Small 2009, 5 (3), 377–382.

2. Zhao, L.; Yuan, P.; Liu, N.; Hu, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Wei, G.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X.; Wang, Y.; Yu, C. On the Equilibrium of Helical Nanostructures with Ordered Mesopores. J. Phys. Chem. B 2009, 113 (50), 16178–16183.

1. Yuan, P.; Liu, N.; Zhao, L.; Zhou, X.; Zhou, L.; Auchterlonie, G. J.; Yao, X.; Drennan, J.; Lu, G. Q. M.; Zou, J.; Yu, C. Solving Complex Concentric Circular Mesostructures by Using Electron Tomography. Angew. Chemie Int. Ed. 2008, 47 (35), 6670–6673.